Arkansas Nation=State 1836

    1686 territorial copyright for the people of Arkansas Nation= State, all historical seals, flags,
 and documents all rights reserved

 The Union of 50 Federation States in Friendship                                                    Treaty

        Original 25 th Statehood flag established in 1836   

             We the People all rights reserved1836                                       

              Declaration of Unalienable Rights held by                        Indigenous Power (Being born on the Land.)


When in the course of Human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected with them, and to assume among the powers of Earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of Nature and Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self -evident that all humans are created equal, and that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life,Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.

A free and independant Nation= State is established  when one people join together in common unity to secure their Natural and God given rights.

To secure the rights to Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness, governments are instituted among humans,deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,to be excercised by elected officials as surrogate power for the free and independant Nation=State, Arkansas Free Nation = State.

When surrogate power officials assume the rights of indigineous powersas supreme,a free and independant state inverts into a state which usurps the unalienable Rights of the People, and they become mere subjects of manditory conformity,victims of suppression, of natural rights,and tyranny.Corrupted surrogate power has no indigenious authority of it's own, therefore,I declare by almighty God in peaceable One People Assembly.


                          Covenant Affirmation

I am created equal to all men and women with unalienable Rights held by Indigenous Power. I solemnly affirm, publish and Declare;
I am obsolved from all political allegiance foreign to this free and independant,  Arkansas Nation=State. With a firm reliance on on protection of Divine Providence, as One People's Assembly; 
I Affirm:_______________________________________________

I am local to Arkansas Nation=State, a free and independant State, lawfully settled in 1686, on the soil/land of this free settlement,later becoming admitted into the Federated Union of 50 States, in 1836., with the name of _________________County Settlement being recorded at a later date. 

The order of our Union being number 25,was in that Union of 50 Free Nation States,

and with the Motto of Regnant Populi, and a matching seal to confirm that Union.

Our Flag was red and white stripe with Blue in the left hand corner ,and 25 white stars to represent that Union. We were known as the Land of Opportunity. Our Motto was The People Rule, and we used the Regnant Populi seal.

In order to form a more perfect union, we establish Justice,insure domestic Tranquility ,provide for the common defense, promote the general lwefare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty for  our prosterity, and our  free and independant State.

I consent to uphold and keep the peace or delegate power to the local ________________________________county settlemment, and to Arkansas, A free and Independant Nation =State, for the lawful protections,Freedoms and Rights of the People in these Free and Independant Nation = States.

In support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on Divine Providence, we pledge to each other the protection,of Happiness, Prosperity, Life, and Liberty.

By autogrph under witness Protection, my Declaration of unalienable Rights held in Indigenious Power is supreme,holding and reserving all unalienable rights, and jury nullification in tact.

This declaration, autographed by settlor/benefeciary with reservation of all rights.

Appellation Autograph May Heaven and Earth be One Eternal Witness this day:_________________of _____________________ 2020.

Affirmed and autographed  by appellation in Grace centered in Almighty God, the Divine Creator.


Disclaimer:

We will not accept anyone into our membership that promotes violence in any way, and we will remove any member promoting violence within our group or out in the community. This is a historical education group, and we provide solutions to existing problems that surface on our lands, and our Nation as one under God. We will take responsibility for another person's actions.



Autograph:_______________________________________________________Date:___________


Printed Appellation:__________________________________________________


Address:__________________________________________________________


Phone:____________________________________________________________


Witness;__________________________________________________________Date:___________


Witness:__________________________________________________________Date:__________


Witness:__________________________________________________________Date:__________


Please print out ,sign and email to Arthur Dercksen  Communications Secretary or register on this website.

[email protected]

Thank You


National-Assembly Coordinator Elizabeth J Enyeart

[email protected]

870-437-5765

All donations will be greatly appreciated request mail address  to either email address above. 

Go to http://www.national-assembly.net, to join for your state if you are not from Arkansas.

American Civil Peace Flag

adopted as Old Glory       Hawaii's   Statehood Flag


 Which Flag is Which?
.
American War Flag
Which Flag is Which?
By Richard McDonald

American Peace Flag The people of the United States actually have two national flags: one for our military government and another for the civil. Each one has fifty stars in its canton, and thirteen red and white stripes, but there are several important differences.

Although most Americans think of the Stars and Stripes (above left) as their only flag, it is actually for military affairs only. The other one, meant by its maker for wider use, (peacetime), has vertical stripes with blue stars on a white field (above right). You can see this design, which bears civil jurisdiction, in the U.S. Coast Guard and Customs flags, but their service insignias replace the fifty stars.

I first learned of the separate, civil flag when I was reading Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, published in 1850. The introduction, titled "The Custom House," includes this description:

From the loftiest point of its roof, during precisely three and a half hours of each forenoon, floats or droops, in breeze or calm, the banner of the republic; but with the thirteen stripes turned vertically, instead of horizontally, and thus indicating that a civil, and not a military post of Uncle Sam's government, is here established.

It took me two years of digging before I found a picture that matched what he was describing: my second clue was an original Illuminated History of North America (1860). If this runs against your beliefs, look up these two references.

History book publishers contribute to the public's miseducation by always picturing the flag in military settings, creating the impression that the one with horizontal stripes is the only one there is. They don't actually lie; they just tell half the truth. For example, the "first American flag" they show Betsy Ross sewing at George Washington's request was for the Revolution -- of course it was military.

The U.S. government hasn't flown the civil flag since the Civil War, as that war is still going on. Peace has never been declared, nor have hostilities against the people ended. The government is still operation under quasi-military rule.

You movie buffs may recall this: In the old Westerns, "Old Glory" has her stripes running sideways and a military yellow fringe. Most of these films are historically accurate about that; their stories usually took place in the territories still under military law and not yet states. Before WWII, no U.S. flag, civil or military, flew within the forty-eight states (except in federal settings); only state flags did. Since then, the U.S. government seems to have decided the supposedly sovereign states are its territories, too, so it asserts its military power over them under the "law of the flag."

Today the U.S. Military flag appears alongside, or in place of, the state flags in nearly all locations within the states. All of the state courts and even the municipal ones now openly display it. This should have raised serious questions from many citizens long ago, but we've been educated to listen and believe what we are told, not to ask questions, or think or search for the truth.

NOTES

1. Canton: The rectangular section in the upper corner of a flag, next to the staff.
2. The Scarlet Letter: An Authoritative Text, edited by Sculley Bradley, W. W. Norton, New York, 1978, pp. 7-8.
3. There is also a picture of the Coast Guard flag in Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language Unabridged, G. & C. Merriam Company, Springfield, Mass., 1966.
4. For more about the law of the flag, see "A Fiction-at-Law . . . ," in the printed version of Perceptions Magazine May/June1995, Issue 9, page 11.

This website is serving as Public notice of who we are, and what we are about. 

copyright 2020arkansasnationstate all rights reserved by We the People Assembled.

Knowing our History Pre Civil War

What was the Grand Army of the Republic


Grand Army of the Republic


This article is about the U.S. veterans organization. For other uses, see Grand Army of the Republic (disambiguation).

The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army (United States Army), Union Navy (U.S. Navy), Marines and the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War. It was founded in 1866 in Springfield, Illinois, and grew to include hundreds of "posts" (local community units) across the nation (predominantly in the North, but also a few in the South and West). It was dissolved in 1956 at the death of its last member, Albert Woolson (1850–1956) of Duluth, Minnesota.

Linking men through their experience of the war, the G.A.R. became among the first organized advocacy groups in American politics, supporting voting rights for black veterans, promoting patriotic education, helping to make Memorial Day a national holiday, lobbying the United States Congress to establish regular veterans' pensions, and supporting Republican political candidates. Its peak membership, at 410,000, was in 1890, a high point of various Civil War commemorative and monument dedication ceremonies. It was succeeded by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW), composed of male descendants of Union Army and Union Navy veterans.

History
G.A.R. Uniform Hat Badge from Post No. 146, "RG Shaw Post", established by surviving members of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment in 1871 (R. Andre Stevens Civil War Collection)

After the end of American Civil War, various state and local organizations were formed for veterans to network and maintain connections with each other. Many of the veterans used their shared experiences as a basis for fellowship. Groups of men began joining together, first for camaraderie and later for political power. Emerging as most influential among the various organizations during the first post-war years was the Grand Army of the Republic, founded on April 6, 1866, on the principles of "Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty," in Springfield, Illinois, by Dr. Benjamin F. Stephenson and the first GAR Post was established in Decatur, Illinois.

The GAR initially grew and prospered as a de facto political arm of the Republican Party during the heated political contests of the Reconstruction Era. The commemoration of Union Army and Navy veterans, black and white, immediately became entwined with partisan politics. The GAR promoted voting rights for Negro veterans, as many white veterans recognized their demonstrated patriotism and sacrifices, providing one of the first racially integrated social/fraternal organizations in America. Black veterans, who enthusiastically embraced the message of equality, shunned black veterans' organizations in preference for racially inclusive and integrated groups. But when the Republican Party's commitment to reform in the South gradually decreased, the GAR's mission became ill-defined and the organization floundered. The GAR almost disappeared in the early 1870s, and many state-centered divisions, named "departments", and local posts ceased to exist.[1]

In his General Order No. 11, dated May 5, 1868, first GAR Commander-in-Chief, General John A. Logan declared May 30 to be Memorial Day (also referred to for many years as "Decoration Day"), calling upon the GAR membership to make the May 30 observance an annual occurrence. Although not the first time war graves had been decorated, Logan's order effectively established "Memorial Day" as the day upon which Americans now pay tribute to all their war casualties, missing-in-action, and deceased veterans. As decades passed, similarly inspired commemorations also spread across the South as "Confederate Memorial Day" or "Confederate Decoration Day", usually in April, led by organizations of Southern soldiers in the parallel United Confederate Veterans.[2]

Reverse of the G.A.R. Badge
GAR marker, beside a veteran's grave in Portland Street Cemetery, South Berwick, Maine

In the 1880s, the Union veterans' organization revived under new leadership that provided a platform for renewed growth, by advocating Federal pensions for veterans. As the organization revived, black veterans joined in significant numbers and organized local posts. The national organization, however, failed to press the case for similar pensions for black soldiers. Most black troops never received any pension or remuneration for wounds incurred during their Civil War service.[3]

The GAR was organized into "Departments" at the state level and "Posts" at the community level, and military-style uniforms were worn by its members. There were posts in every state in the U.S., and several posts overseas.[3] The pattern of establishing departments and local posts was later used by other American military veterans' organizations, such as the Veterans of Foreign Wars (organized originally for veterans of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine Insurrection) and the later American Legion (for the First World War and later expanded to include subsequent World War II, Korean, Vietnam and Middle Eastern wars).

The G.A.R.'s political power grew during the latter part of the 19th century, and it helped elect several United States presidents, beginning with the 18th, Ulysses S. Grant, and ending with the 25th, William McKinley. Six Civil War veterans (Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur; Benjamin Harrison, and McKinley) were elected President of the United States; all were Republicans. (The sole post-war Democratic president was Grover Cleveland, the 22nd and 24th chief executive.) For a time, candidates could not get Republican presidential or congressional nominations without the endorsement of the GAR veterans voting bloc. Of the six mentioned US Presidents, at least four were members of the G.A.R.:

  • Ulysses S. Grant (Lt General of the Union Armies} Became a member of the Philadelphia PA George G. Meade Post GAR Post # 1 May 16, 1877[4][5]
  • Rutherford B. Hayes (Brevet Major General) Became a Member of the Fremont Ohio Manville Moore GAR Post[6]
  • James A. Garfield (Major General) Possibly a member of the G.A.R.-a GAR Post publication refers to the death of Comrade James Garfield, President of the United States[7]
  • Benjamin Harrison (Brevet Brigadier General) Became a member of the Indianapolis Indiana General George H. Thomas GAR Post[8]
  • William McKinley. (Brevet Major of the 23d Ohio) Became a member of the Canton Ohio GAR Post # 25 July 7, 1880 [It was later renamed McKinley GAR Post # 25][9]

With membership strictly limited to "veterans of the late unpleasantness," the GAR encouraged the formation of Allied Orders to aid them in various works. Numerous male organizations jousted for the backing of the GAR, and the political battles became quite severe until the GAR finally endorsed the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War as its heir.

Female members[edit]

Although an overwhelmingly male organization, the GAR is known to have had at least two women who were members.

The first female known to be admitted to the GAR was Kady Brownell, who served in the Union Army with her husband Robert, a private in the 1st Rhode Island Infantry at the First Battle of Bull Run in Virginia and with the 5th Rhode Island Infantry at the Battle of New Berne in North Carolina. Kady was admitted as a member in 1870 to Elias Howe Jr. Post #3, in Bridgeport, Connecticut. The GAR insignia is engraved on her gravestone in the North Burial Ground in Providence, Rhode Island.[10]

In 1897 the GAR admitted Sarah Emma Edmonds, who served in the 2nd Michigan Infantry as a disguised man named Franklin Thompson from May 1861 until April 1863. In 1882, she collected affidavits from former comrades in an effort to petition for a veteran's pension which she received in July 1884. Edmonds was only a member for a brief period as she died September 5, 1898; however she was given a funeral with military honors when she was reburied in Houston in 1901.[11]

It is possible that other women were members of the GAR as well.

  • Kady Brownwell

  • Sarah Emma Edmonds

Later years[edit]

The GAR reached its largest enrollment in 1890, with 410,000 members.[12] It held an annual "National Encampment" every year from 1866 to 1949. Interesting anecdotes from the war were told around the many campfires at these reunions and compiled in a book of campfire "chats", including descriptions of the festivities at the 1884-1886 encampments in Minneapolis, Portland, Maine and San Francisco.[13] At the final encampment in Indianapolis, Indiana, the few surviving members voted to retain the existing officers in place until the organization's dissolution. Theodore Penland of Oregon, the GAR's Commander at the time, was therefore its last. In 1956, after the death of the last member, Albert Woolson, the GAR was formally dissolved.[1]

GAR parade during the 1914 Encampment in Detroit, Michigan
Memorials, honors and commemorations[edit]

There are physical memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic in numerous communities throughout the United States.

U.S. Route 6 is known as the Grand Army of the Republic Highway for its entire length.[14]

The Commemoration of the American Civil War on postage stamps began during the conflict by both sides. In 1948, the Grand Army of the Republic was commemorated on a stamp.[15] In 1951, the U.S. Postal Service printed a virtually identical stamp for the final reunion of the United Confederate Veterans.[16]

State posts[edit]

Every state (even those of the former Confederacy) fell within a GAR "Department," and within these Departments were the "Posts" (forerunners of modern American Legion Halls or VFW Halls). The posts were made up of local veterans, many of whom participated in local civic events. As the posts were formed, they were assigned to the home Department of the National Commander-in-chief of the year that they were chartered. There was no GAR post in London, but there was a Civil War Veterans Association Group that had many GAR members belonging to it.

As Civil War veterans died or were no longer able to participate in GAR activities, posts consolidated or were disbanded.[17] Posts were assigned a sequential number based on their admission into the state's GAR organization, and most posts held informal names which honored comrades, battles, or commanders; it was not uncommon to have more than one post in a state honoring the same individual (such as Abraham Lincoln) and posts often changed their informal designation by vote of the local membership. See:

In popular culture[edit]
A replica of the USS Kearsarge displayed at the 1893 GAR National Convention in Indianapolis, Indiana

John Steinbeck's East of Eden features several references to the Grand Army of the Republic. Despite having very little actual battle experience during his brief military career, cut short by the loss of his leg, Adam Trask's father Cyrus joins the GAR and assumes the stature of "a great man" through his involvement with the organization. At the height of the GAR's influence in Washington, he brags to his son:

I wonder if you know how much influence I really have. I can throw the Grand Army at any candidate like a sock. Even the President likes to know what I think about public matters. I can get senators defeated and I can pick appointments like apples. I can make men and I can destroy men. Do you know that?

— Cyrus Trask (character), East of Eden

Later in the book, references are made to the graves of GAR members in California in order to emphasize the passage of time.[18]

Sinclair Lewis also refers to the GAR in his acclaimed novel Main Street[19] and in his novel It Can't Happen Here,[20] as does Charles Portis's classic novel, True Grit,[21] the GAR is briefly mentioned in William Faulkner's novel, The Sound and the Fury.[22] and Willa Cather's short story "The Sculptor's Funeral" briefly references the GAR.[23]

The GAR is mentioned in the seldom-sung second verse of the patriotic song "You're a Grand Old Flag".[24]

The GAR is referenced in John McCrae's poem He Is There! which was set to music in 1917 by Charles Ives as part of his cycle Three Songs of the War.[25]

In Ward Moore's 1953 alternate history novel Bring the Jubilee, the Confederates won the Civil War and became a major world power while the rump United States was reduced to an impoverished dependence. The Grand Army of the Republic is the name of a nationalistic organization working to restore the United States to its former glory through acts of sabotage and terrorism.[26]

Notable commanders-in-chief[edit]


Women's auxiliaries[edit]

The Woman's Relief Corps was founded in 1879 as a "secret" organization and recognized in 1883 as the "official women's auxiliary" to the G.A.R.

The Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic was also a significant organization. As a Congressionally Chartered non-profit organization, it is the oldest women’s hereditary organization in the United States. The original objectives of the organization included promotion of patriotism and loyalty to the Union, and participation in community service, especially for the aid of our Veterans and their dependents."[27]

As original Union veterans of the G.A.R., organized in 1866, grew old, many women's groups formed to aid them and their widows and orphans. The Loyal Ladies League was established in 1881 as an auxiliary to the G.A.R.; in 1886 the organization went more national and changed its name to "The Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic."[28]It was incorporated by Public Law 86-47 [S.949] of the 86th Congress on June 17, 1959 [29]

In 1899 the president was Dr. Julia P. Shade of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[30]

Its president in 1922 was Mrs. Ethel M. Irish, of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin.[31]

See also[edit]References[edit]
  1. ^ Jump up to:a b Knight, Glenn B. "Brief History of the Grand Army of the Republic". suvcw.org. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  2. ^ John E. Gilman (1910). "The Grand Army of the Republic". civilwarhome.com. Retrieved 2011-03-05.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b "A Brief History of the Grand Army of the Republic". Grand Army of the Republic Museum and Library. Retrieved 2011-03-05.
  4. ^ Records of Members of the Grand Army of the Republic William Ward 1886 pp.545-547
  5. ^ History of the George G Meade Post..
  6. ^ Records of Members of the Grand Army of the Republic William Ward 1886 .p.515
  7. ^ What One GAR Post Has accomplished .p.85 pub 1913
  8. ^ [Speeches of Benjamin Harrison, Twenty Third President of the United States.." pub 1890]
  9. ^ GAR Memorial for Comrade McKinley 1901
  10. ^ "A female comrade of the Grand Army". New York Herald. 16 September 1870.
  11. ^ "Sarah Emma Edmonds, Private, December 1841–September 5, 1898". Civil War Trust. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ Davis, Washington (1888). Camp-Fire Chats. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
  14. ^ Richard F. Weingroff (July 27, 2009). "U.S. 6-The Grand Army of the Republic Highway". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
  15. ^ A. Gibson, Gary (1999). "Remembering the Grand Army of the Republic Fifty Years Later". Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Retrieved 2011-03-02.
    B. "G.A.R. Issue". National Postal Museum. Retrieved Jan 11,2014.
  16. ^ "U.S. Stamps 1951". stampscatalog.info. Archived from the original on 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2011-03-02.
  17. ^ "List of posts and location by department". Library of Congress. 2001. Retrieved 2014-07-03.
  18. ^ "Steinbeck-East of Eden". edstephan.org. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  19. ^ Lewis, Sinclair (12 April 2006). "XXXV". Main Street (PDF). Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
  20. ^ Lewis, Sinclair (1935). "VII". It Can't Happen Here. Feedbooks. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  21. ^ Portis, Charles (5 December 2010). True Grit. New York: Overlook Press. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
  22. ^ The Sound and the Fury-Glossary. University of Mississippi Press. 1996. p. 54. ISBN 0-87805-936-9. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  23. ^ "The Sculptor's Funeral". Classic Reader. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
  24. ^ George M. Cohan (1906). "You're a Grand Old Flag (Annotated Music)". Library of Congress Performing Arts Encyclopedia. New York, NY: F. A. Mills. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
  25. ^ "He Is There!". Song of America. Archived from the originalon 2011-05-10. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
  26. ^ Moore, Ward (1 January 2009). Bring the Jubilee. Wildside Press. ISBN 978-1434478535. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
  27. ^ "Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic". Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  28. ^ "Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic: History". Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  29. ^ United States Congress (1959). Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the 86th Congress. 105. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 19861.
  30. ^ "LGAR Past National Presidents". suvcw.org. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  31. ^ Official Register and Directory of Women's Clubs in America. XXIV. Helen M. Winslow. 1922. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
Further reading[edit]
  • Ainsworth, Scott. "Electoral Strength and the Emergence of Group Influence in the Late 1800s The Grand Army of the Republic." American Politics Research 23.3 (1995): 319–338.
  • Cimbala, Paul A. Veterans North and South: The Transition from Soldier to Civilian after the American Civil War (Santa Barbara: Praeger, 2015). xviii, 189 pp.
  • Dearing, Mary R. Veterans in Politics: The Story of the GAR (1974)
  • Gannon, Barbara A. The Won Cause: Black and White Comradeship in the Grand Army of the Republic (2011) Online
  • Jordan, Brian Matthew. Marching Home: Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War. New York: Liveright, 2015.
  • McConnell, Stuart. Glorious Contentment: The Grand Army of the Republic, 1865–1900. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. Online
  • Marten, James Alan. Sing Not War: The Lives of Union & Confederate Veterans in Gilded Age America (Univ of North Carolina Press, 2011).
External links[edit

Confederate Memorial Day
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Confederate Decoration Day)
Jump to navigationJump to search
Not to be confused with Memorial Day.

Confederate Memorial Day (called Confederate Heroes Day in Texas and Florida, and Confederate Decoration Day in Tennessee) is a cultural holiday observed in several Southern U.S. states on various dates since the end of the Civil War to remember the estimated 258,000 Confederate soldiers who have died in military service.[1]

The holiday is observed in late April in many states to recall the surrender of the last major Confederate field army at Bennett Place on Wednesday, April 26, 1865.[2] The holiday is unofficially observed in most Southern states, and remains an official state holiday in South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida[3] and Tennessee.[4][5][6][7]

Origins[edit]
Confederate Memorial Day observance in front of the Monument to Confederate Dead, Arlington National Cemetery, on June 8, 2014

In the spring of 1866 the Ladies Memorial Association of Columbus, Georgia, passed a resolution to set aside one day annually to memorialize the Confederate war dead. Mary Ann Williams, the association secretary, was directed to pen a letter inviting ladies associations in every former Confederate state to join them in the observance.[8] Their invitation was written in March 1866 and sent to all of the principal cities in the former Confederacy, including Atlanta;[9] Macon;[10] Montgomery; Memphis; Richmond; St. Louis; Alexandria; Columbia;[11] and New Orleans, as well as smaller towns like Staunton, Virginia;[12] Anderson, South Carolina;[13] and Wilmington, North Carolina.[14] The actual date for the holiday was selected by Elizabeth Rutherford Ellis.[15] She chose April 26, the first anniversary of Confederate General Johnston's surrender to Union Major General Sherman at Bennett Place. For many in the Confederacy, that date in 1865 marked the end of the Civil War.[8]

In their book, The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America, Bellware and Gardiner assert that the national Memorial Day holiday is a direct offshoot of the observance begun by the Ladies Memorial Association of Columbus, Georgia in 1866. In a few places, most notably Columbus, Mississippi[16] and Macon, Georgia,[17] Union graves were decorated during the first observance. The day was even referred to as Memorial Day by The Baltimore Sun on May 8, 1866, after the ladies organization that started it. The name Confederate Memorial Day was not used until the Northern observance was initiated in 1868.[18]

While initially cool to the idea of a Northern version of the holiday, General John A. Logan was eventually won over as evidenced by his General Order No. 11 May 5, 1868, wherein he commanded the posts of Grand Army of the Republic to likewise strew flowers on the graves of Union soldiers. The Grand Army of the Republic eventually adopted the name Memorial Day at their national encampment in 1882.[19]

Many theories have been offered as to how Logan became aware of the former Confederate tradition he imitated in 1868. In her autobiography, his wife claims she told him about it after a trip to Virginia in the spring of that year.[20] His secretary and his adjutant also claim they told him about it. John Murray of Waterloo, New York, claims it was he who inspired Logan in 1868. Bellware and Gardiner, however, offer proof that Logan was aware of the Southern tributes long before any of them had a chance to mention it to him.[21] In a speech to veterans in Salem, Illinois, on July 4, 1866, Logan referred to the various dates of observance adopted in the South for the practice saying "…traitors in the South have their gatherings day after day, to strew garlands of flowers upon the graves of Rebel soldiers..."[22]

The first official celebration as a public holiday occurred in 1874, following a proclamation by the Georgia legislature.[23] By 1916, ten states celebrated it, on June 3, the birthday of CSA President Jefferson Davis.[23] Other states chose late April dates, or May 10, commemorating Davis' capture.[23]

Statutory holidays for state employees[edit]

Confederate Memorial Day is a statutory holiday in Alabama on the fourth Monday in April.[24][25] In Georgia, the fourth Monday in April was formerly celebrated as Confederate Memorial Day, but beginning in 2016, in response to the Charleston church shooting, the names of Confederate Memorial Day and Robert E. Lee's Birthday were struck from the state calendar and the statutory holidays were designated simply as "state holidays".[26]In Mississippi it is observed on the last Monday in April.[24][27] In South Carolina it is a legal holiday, observed on May 10.[28] In Texas it is called Confederate Heroes Day and held on January 19 each year. In Tennessee, Confederate Decoration Day is celebrated on June 3, the birthday of Jefferson Davis.[7]

See also[edit]References[edit]
  1. ^ Boyer, Paul S., ed. (2001). The Oxford Companion to United States History. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-19-508209-5.
  2. ^ Woolf, Henry Bosley, ed. (1976). Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts: G. & C. Merriam Co. p. 236. ISBN 0-87779-338-7. OL 5207141M.
  3. ^ Fla. Stat. s. 683.01(1)(j),
  4. ^ "Code of Laws – Title 53 – Chapter 5 – Legal Holidays". www.scstatehouse.gov. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  5. ^ "Confederate Memorial Day still recognized in Alabama and across the South". AL.com. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  6. ^ "Alabama Code Title 1. General Provisions § 1-3-8 | FindLaw". Findlaw. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b Allison, Natalie (July 12, 2019). "Gov. Bill Lee Signs Nathan Bedford Forrest Day Proclamation, Is Not Considering Law Change." The Tennessean (Tennessean.com). Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b Lucian Lamar Knight (1914). "Georgia's Landmarks, Memorials, and Legends ...: Under the code duello ..." Books.google.com. p. 156. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
  9. ^ "The Soldiers' Graves". Digital Library of Georgia. Atlanta Intelligencer. March 21, 1866. p. 2. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
  10. ^ ""Woman's Honor to the Gallant Dead," Macon Telegraph, March 26, 1866, p. 5". Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
  11. ^ ""In Memory of the Confederate Dead," Daily Phoenix, Columbia, SC, April 4, 1866, p. 2". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  12. ^ ""The Southern Dead," Staunton Spectator, Staunton, VA, March 27, 1866 p.1". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  13. ^ ""The Southern Dead," Anderson Intelligencer, Anderson Court House, SC, March 29, 1866, p.1". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  14. ^ ""In Memory of the Confederate Dead," Wilmington Journal, Wilmington, NC, April 5, 1866, p.1". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  15. ^ "Lizzie Rutherford (1833–1873) | New Georgia Encyclopedia". Georgiaencyclopedia.org. 2004. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
  16. ^ ""Confederate Soldiers' Dead," Louisiana Democrat, July 18, 1866". Library of Congress. July 18, 1866. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  17. ^ "Will They Notice This Touching Tribute". Library of Congress. Columbus, OH: Ohio Statesman. May 4, 1866. p. 2. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  18. ^ Bellware, Daniel (2014). The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America. Columbus, GA: Columbus State University. p. 87. ISBN 9780692292259.
  19. ^ Beath, Robert B. (1884). The Grand Army Blue-Book Containing the Rules and Regulations of the Grand Army of the Republic and Decisions and Opinions Thereon . Philadelphia: Grand Army of the Republic. p. 118. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  20. ^ Logan, Mrs. John A. (1913). "Logan, Mrs. John A., Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife, C. Scribner sons, 1913, p. 243". Google Books. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  21. ^ Bellware, Daniel (2014). The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America. Columbus, GA: Columbus State University. p. 144. ISBN 9780692292259.
  22. ^ "Illinois – Gen. Logan on Reconstruction," New York Tribune July 14, 1866 p. 5". Library of Congress. July 14, 1866. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
  23. ^ Jump up to:a b c "Confederate Memorial Day in Georgia". GeorgiaInfo. University of Georgia. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  24. ^ Jump up to:a b "Confederate Memorial Day in the United States". time and date.com. Time and Date AS. n.d. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
  25. ^ "Confederate Memorial Day still recognized in Alabama and across the South". Alabama Media Group. The Associated Press. April 27, 2015.
  26. ^ "Why Monday is no longer Confederate Memorial Day in Georgia". April 23, 2018. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  27. ^ "Confederate Memorial Day". Sos.ms.gov. April 27, 2015. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
  28. ^ Merelli, Annalisa (May 10, 2018). "What the controversial Confederate Memorial Day would be in other countries". Quartz.
Further reading[edit]
External links[edit]

This site is being designed to bring out the truth in history, from the Indigenous people's  point of view.(Indigineous) means being born on the land, regardless of race, color or religion.
We will take a walk back through time, to see where it all started from.
WE DO NOT SUPPORT GANG VIOLENCE NOR MOVEMENTS THAT INTEND TO SEPERATE US.
WE ARE AMERICANS FIRST,ONE FOR ALL,AND ALL FOR ONE.
We are at peace with all.

Americans are nationals and citizens of the United States of America.[48][49] Although nationals and citizens make up the majority of Americans, some dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also claim American nationality.[50][51] The United States is home to people of many different ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with citizenship and permanent allegiance.[52][53][54]

Finish up with Lee Greenwood's I'm Proud to be an American

The tomb of the Unknown Soldiers

Armed Forces Medley 2014

I Am the Flag

Battle Hymn of the Republic

Mr. Ray Charles
America the Beautiful

Red Skelton 
Dedication to the Republic

Red Skelton and the pledge of Allegiance

John Wayne 
The Pledge of allegiance to the Flag

President Ronald Reagan One Nation under God

The story of amazing grace

Amazing grace sung in Cherokee

prophecy of the four directions

The last of the Mohicans

When we all 


shall come 


together,


red,black,


yellow, and 


white then 


we shall have


 peace upon


 Mother Earth

A message from the Great Peacemaker


om 08/01/09  at 6:45 p.m.


Peace is coming to the household of God, the Great Spirit, and once again the children shall run unmolested by the fears and doubts in the world about them.

 

Once again I shall shake the heavens, and the people of the earth shall tremble.


I shall release those that have been in bondage in their minds, and a great flood of joy shall cover the earth.


Think not that this is by man's own efforts, for the God, the Great Creator, does know all that mankind is doing.


I shall raise up spiritual warriors that shall bring Peace upon the Earth, and the inhabitants shall rejoice.


For the rulers of darkness have been cast down, and the name of the Son, has been exalted.


Seek me that you may know your place in this great change.


My Children of Earth rejoice, that the Sun has once again shown upon you.


Question not what you see, but be obedient to what I put into your heart to do or say.


For in all this shall all the stones be fitly joined together.


I shall gather you from the North, the South, the East and the West.


Peace is coming to the cradle of Humanity, all shall know me, all shall reverence me, and those that don't shall feel the wrath of my indignation.


Words spoken to me by revelation, just as they came, I wrote them down.

Eagle Clanmother

Eastern Band Cherokee'

Strong heart


Peacemaker09 



In the Kingdom of the creator, love is our calling, patience is our work, and great peace is our reward..